I am a current respiratory student mere months away from graduation. Would anybody happen to know the process from the beginning to end of licensure? (with the addition of Kettering [the review] and ...
My dad has had a nagging cough for a few days particularly at night when he is trying to sleep. When he went to the Dr. today, she said that he had fluid in the lungs. She did an EKG and some other heart related tests, but they came back normal. She gave him a shot to release fluid in the body and told him to come back in a week. She also told him that if he wakes up tonight with a cough and shortness of breath to go to the ER. It sounds like something serious, but she doesn't seem to be treating it that way. What could be causing this?
Pulmonary edema is swelling and/or fluid accumulation in the lungs. It leads to impaired gas exchange and may cause respiratory failure.
Pulmonary edema is either due to direct damage to the tissue or as a result of inadequate functioning of the heart or circulatory system.
* Heart failure
* Tachy- or bradyarrhythmias
* Severe heart attack
* Hypertensive crisis
* Excess body fluids, e.g. from kidney failure
* Pericardial effusion with tamponade
Non-cardiogenic causes, or ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome):
* Inhalation of toxic gases
* Multiple blood transfusions
* Severe infection
* Pulmonary contusion, i.e. high-energy trauma
* Multitrauma, i.e. severe car accident
* Neurogenic, i.e. cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
* Aspiration, i.e. gastric fluid or in case of drowning
* Certain types of medication
* Upper airway obstruction
* Reexpansion, i.e. postpneumonectomy or large volume thoracentesis
* Reperfusion injury, i.e. postpulmonary thromboendartectomy or lung transplantation
* Lack of proper altitude acclimatization.