Home | Links | Contact Us | About Us | Bookmark
Medical Forum Search :
 
   Homepage      News      Health Topics     Health Directories      Medical Forum      Dictionary  
Health Forum    Infectious Diseases
Health Discussion Forum

 How do humans get tapeworms?
...


 Can I use a breastpump that someone else has used if I sterilize?
My sister had mastidis, and I was planning on using boiling water to sterilize it... is this unsafe? Thanks!...


 How can a hiv+ person prevent themselves from getting sick and keeping their cd4 count from dropping?
...


 Have you had gastro-enteritis?
Ihave and it is very painful. Is it me or the symptoms always this intense?...


 Yellow Fever?
Did people's eyes really turn yellow?...


 In HIV infection is vl<50 ml, cd4 800 good or bad?
...


 When you have strep throat how long do you have swollen glands for?
...


 I have HBV,and I wondered if there is any way to make HBeAG test become negative(I mean some scientific trick)
I have HBV,and I wondered if there is any way to make HBeAG test become negative(I mean some scientific trick)...


 My 5yr old granddaughter gets high fevers constantly-has anybody gone thru the same thing?
Her doctors don't know what causes them. They have done so many different test on her and they can't seem to find anything. She has been to Childrens hospital in Houston and also in Tenn.<...


 what is the scientific name of botulism poisoning??
please is homework and due ...


 If I have been exposed to MRSA, is it possible that I could develope pustules or boils on my face?
...


 what is this virus? mouth ulcers, swollen glands, sore throat and cough?
...


 e coli question?
.. i just made spaghetti with ground beef and had to use to restroom afterwards.. does that mean i have it?.....


 How can I stop the hematuria?Tell me medicine,food or something?
...


 anybody have any bad ear piercing stories? i need it for my school speech.?
...


 What Will Happen??
What Happens When Clones Become Some Kind Of Disease And Start Dying And Spread These Diseases To Everyone And Everything....


 Where does mucos come from?
Mucos just comes out of nowhere from my nose, how come it keeps on dropping....


 How long after I have pink eye and am taking an antibiotic should I wear make up again?
I have had pinkeye 3 times in the last month. I always complete my antibiotic but it comes back 3 days to a week later. I always throw away my make up I had been wearing. Can I start wearing make ...


 Why the viral infections are much more in the last time why are much many pacients whithe the respiratories di
...


 does blood be in your stool when you have hepatitis c?
...



princess_lew86
how does the TB test work?
How do you know if the skin test is positive or negative?
                     




Mrs funky
i dont really know.... you can ask a doctor


prncessang228
the tb skin test is performed like this

a small amount (less than 1%) of the non-active disease is injected into your arm with a very tiny needle within the skin tissue (not inside your vein) to form a small bubble that eventually shrinks down as the skin absorbs the liquid.

within 48-72 hours-the test will reveal either positive or negative signs. negative is usually a slight red mark that is NOT raised or puffy or no mark left at all. positive is a large,swelled red bump on the arm.

if you have a positive skin test-it does necessarily mean that you have active TB. it means that you have been exposed to it. a chest xray will then be taken that will determine whether or not you have active TB. if active-you are admitted to the hospital for treatment. if non-active, then you are put on medications to help prevent the disease from becoming active in your body and you are monitored closely by your dr

this test is nothing to sweat-i get one every 6 months due to working in a hospital.


terra
The tuberculosis skin test (also known as the tuberculin or PPD test) is a test used to determine if someone has developed an immune response to the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). This response can occur if someone currently has TB or if they were exposed to it in the past. The tuberculin skin test is based on the fact that infection with M. tuberculosis produces a delayed-type hypersensitivity skin reaction to certain components of the bacterium. The components of the organism are contained in extracts of culture filtrates and are the core elements of the classic tuberculin PPD (also known as purified protein derivative). Reaction in the skin to tuberculin PPD begins when specialized immune cells, called T cells, which have been sensitized by prior infection, are recruited by the immune system to the skin site where they release chemical messengers called lymphokines. These lymphokines induce induration (a hard, raised area with clearly defined margins at and around the injection site) through local vasodilation edema, fibrin deposition, and recruitment of other inflammatory cells to the area.

The basis of the reading of the skin test is the presence or absence and the amount of induration (localized swelling). The diameter of the induration should be measured transversely (i.e. perpendicular) to the long axis of the forearm and recorded in millimeters. The area of induration (palpable, raised, hardened area) around the site of injection is the reaction to tuberculin. Again, redness is not measured.

A tuberculin reaction is classified as positive based on the diameter of the induration in conjunction with certain patient-specific risk factors. In a healthy person who is not immunocompromised, induration greater than or equal to 15mm is considered a positive skin test. If blisters are present (vesiculation), the test is also considered positive. In a person with underlying kidney disease, diabetes, or a healthcare worker, 10mm of induration is considered a positive skin test. 5 mm is considered a positive skin test result for patients who are immunocompromised, such as with rheumatoid arthritis patients and Crohn's disease patients. Induration of less than 2mm, without blistering, is considered a negative skin test.

The skin test is checked after 24 hours and then again after 72 hours. This is because for some it takes only 24 hours to illicit an allergic reaction while for others it takes 72 hours. 72 hours is the longest possible time that a person would react with PPD. If after 72 hours, no reaction, then a patient is considered negative of TB based on PPD test although the AFB test (serial sputum collection for 3 days) is the real reliable test for TB.


 Enter Your Message or Comment


User Name:  
User Email:   
Post a comment:







Archive: Forum -Forum1 - Links - 1 - 2
HealthExpertAdvice does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. 0.014
Copyright (c) 2013 HealthExpertAdvice Wednesday, April 23, 2014
Terms of use - Privacy Policy