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scottsmith20
First Aid CPR, What is the most important reason to check the scene before approaching to help a victim?
                     




biscuitperifrank
Rating
Being aware of any potentially dangerous conditions/people in area


packers2188
for your own safety cuz if you get hurt you can't help the person, duh


monique
Rating
To make sure the scene is secured, how can you help someone else if your life could be in danger?


gamma_maker
Rating
You might fall victim to the same calamity that befell the person laying on the ground.


mark
One reason is to ensure your own safety. The person may have been electrocuted, overcome by fumes, poisoned by contact with some chemical, hit by a falling or swinging object or something else entirely. It wont help if you run over and have the same thing happen to you.

This is VERY important on an industrial site where there might be automated equipment. You need to secure the machinery before entering a hazard area.


Charmed88
Please pur me as the best answer
Before you begin
Assess the situation before starting CPR:

Is the person conscious or unconscious?
If the person appears unconscious, tap or shake his or her shoulder and ask loudly, "Are you OK?"
If the person doesn't respond, call 911 (or your local emergency number), or have someone else do it. But if you're alone and the victim is an infant or a child age 1 to 8 who needs CPR, perform two minutes of CPR before calling for help.
Remember the ABCs
Airway, Breathing and Circulation — to remember the steps explained below.

AIRWAY: Clear the airway

Put the person on his or her back on a firm surface.
Kneel next to the person's neck and shoulders.
Open the person's airway using the head tilt-chin lift. Put your palm on the person's forehead and gently push down. Then with the other hand, gently lift the chin forward to open the airway.
Check for normal breathing, taking no more than 10 seconds: Look for chest motion, listen for breath sounds, and feel for the person's breath on your cheek and ear. Do not consider gasping to be normal breathing. If the person isn't breathing normally or you aren't sure, begin mouth-to-mouth breathing.
BREATHING: Breathe for the person

Rescue breathing can be mouth-to-mouth breathing or mouth-to-nose breathing if the mouth is seriously injured or can't be opened.

With the airway open (using the head tilt-chin lift), pinch the nostrils shut for mouth-to-mouth breathing and cover the person's mouth with yours, making a seal.
Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Give the first rescue breath — lasting one second — and watch to see if the chest rises. If it does rise, give the second breath. If the chest doesn't rise, repeat the head tilt-chin lift and then give the second breath.
Begin chest compressions — go to "CIRCULATION" below.
CIRCULATION: Restore blood circulation

Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person's chest, between the nipples. Place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above your hands.
Use your upper body weight (not just your arms) as you push straight down on (compress) the chest 1 1/2 to 2 inches. Push hard and push fast — give two compressions per second, or about 100 compressions per minute.
After 30 compressions, tilt the head back and lift the chin up to open the airway. Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Pinch the nose shut and breathe into the mouth for one second. If the chest rises, give a second rescue breath. If the chest doesn’t rise, repeat the head tilt-chin lift and then give the second rescue breath. That's one cycle. If someone else is available, ask that person to give two breaths after you do 30 compressions.
If the person has not begun moving after five cycles (about two minutes) and an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available, open the kit and follow the prompts. If you're not trained to use an AED, a 911 operator may be able to guide you in its use. Trained staff at many public places are also able to provide and use an AED. Use pediatric pads, if available, for children ages 1 to 8. If pediatric pads aren't available, use adult pads. Do not use an AED for infants younger than age 1. If an AED isn't available, go to Number 5 below.
Continue CPR until there are signs of movement or until emergency medical personnel take over.
To perform CPR on a child:

The procedure for giving CPR to a child age 1 through 8 is essentially the same as that for an adult. The differences are as follows:

Perform five cycles of compressions and breaths on the child — this should take about two minutes — before calling 911 or the local emergency number, unless someone else can call while you attend to the child.
Use only one hand to perform heart compressions.
Breathe more gently.
Use the same compression/breath rate as is used for adults: 30 compressions followed by two breaths. This is one cycle. Following the two breaths, immediately begin the next cycle of compressions and breaths. Continue until the victim moves or help arrives.
To perform CPR on a baby:

Most cardiac arrests in infants occur from lack of oxygen, such as from drowning or choking. If you know the infant has an airway obstruction, perform first aid for choking. If you don't know why the infant isn't breathing, perform CPR.

To begin, assess the situation. Stroke the baby and watch for a response, such as movement, but don't shake the child.

If there's no response, follow the ABC procedures below and time the call for help as follows:

If you're the only rescuer and CPR is needed, do CPR for two minutes — about five cycles — before calling 911 or your local emergency number.
If another person is available, have that person call for help immediately while you attend to the baby.
AIRWAY: Clear the airway

Place the baby on his or her back on firm, flat surface, such as a table. The floor or ground also will do.
Gently tip the head back by lifting the chin with one hand and pushing down on the forehead with the other hand.
In no more than 10 seconds, put your ear near the baby's mouth and check for breathing: Look for chest motion, listen for breath sounds, and feel for breath on your cheek and ear.
If the infant isn't breathing, begin mouth-to-mouth breathing immediately.

BREATHING: Breathe for the infant

Cover the baby's mouth and nose with your mouth.
Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Use the strength of your cheeks to deliver gentle puffs of air (instead of deep breaths from your lungs) to slowly breathe into the baby's mouth one time, taking one second for the breath. Watch to see if the baby's chest rises. If it does, give a second rescue breath. If the chest does not rise, repeat the head tilt-chin lift and then give the second breath.
If the chest still doesn't rise, examine the mouth to make sure no foreign material is inside. If the object is seen, sweep it out with your finger. If the airway seems blocked, perform first aid for a choking infant.
Begin chest compressions — go to "CIRCULATION" below.
CIRCULATION: Restore blood circulation

Imagine a horizontal line drawn between the baby's nipples. Place two fingers of one hand just below this line, in the center of the chest.
Gently compress the chest to about one-third to one-half the depth of the chest.
Count aloud as you pump in a fairly rapid rhythm. You should pump at a rate of about 100 times a minute.
Give two breaths after every 30 chest compressions.
Perform CPR for about two minutes before calling for help unless someone else can make the call while you attend to the baby.
Continue CPR until you see signs of life or until a professional relieves you.


chain y
to make sure it is safe from dangerous....if not, no use to do CPR to help a person in a dangerous place because you may die with the person too.......


houndgirl44
So you don't get your own butt in trouble.


Sparky5115
To check for traffic / vehicles.

To look for an obvious source of the cause of the emergency.

To ensure that there are no 'live' electrical wires or other dangers around.

To ensure the victim is safe to approach.


emt_me911
Rating
The first rule in EMS is to check if the scene is secure. Police must go in first to do this. EMTs are no good if they are shot or otherwise assaulted by a perpetrator still on the scene of a violent crime. We wait in the ambulance a certain distance away. We do not enter the scene until the police have cleared it.

If it is a situation such as chemical exposure and the like, the scene must be secured by the Fire Department or HazMat.

It depends on the situation as to who secures it and when EMS is allowed to enter. Plane crashes, train wrecks, chemical spills, fires, water rescue...the list goes on. We are all in radio contact with each other so we know what's going on.


nickname
As in? I'd think it would be your safety like, what caused the person to code, like electrocution, violence issues? Is that what you mean? Also, is there other people nearby that can help? If not, I'd be eyeing where the nearest phone is.


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